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Adolescents' Alcohol Use in Botellon and Attitudes towards Alcohol Use and Prevention Policies.
Gervilla, E., Quigg, Z., Duch, M., Juan, M. & Guimaraes, C.
(2020) International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), doi:10.3390/ijerph17113885


Alcohol is a common drug misused by young people worldwide. Previous studieshave found that attitudes towards heavy consumption are stronger predictors than generalnorms concerning alcohol. This study aims to explore adolescents’ alcohol use and drunkenness,to understand adolescents’ attitudes towards alcohol use, drunkenness and prevention approaches,and to explore associations between attitudes and personal alcohol use and demographics. Methods:Cross-sectional face-to-face survey of 410 adolescents (61.2% women) who were socializing at nightin the streets of Palma (Spain). Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC), self-reported measures ofalcohol use and social variables were assessed. Results: 70.7% of respondents had a BrAC scorehigher than 0. The full sample reported having a mean of 3.9 drunk episodes in the last month,and a mean of 7.34 in Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). A total of 30.7% wereunder the minimum age limit for alcohol drinking in Spain and males showed higher BrAC thanfemales. Bivariate analyses identified some di erences in attitudes across participant demographicsand personal alcohol use. In conclusion, we found high levels of alcohol use and drunkennessamongst adolescents, and adolescents’ attitudes towards drunkenness and prevention approacheswere associated with their alcohol consumption as well as with age.