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Parental styles and drug use: A review.
Becoña E, Martínez U, Calafat A, Juan M, Fernández-Hermida JR, Secades-Villa R.
(2012) Drugs: education, prevention and policy, 19 (1), 1-10. DOI: 10.3109/09687637.2011.631060


The family plays a fundamental role in the prevention and treatment of substance use. Parental styles are among the family variables most widely studied. This review covers the studies published in the last 30 years on the relationship between parental styles and their offspring's drug use. Research indicates that the authoritative style is the most protective against substance use, whilst the neglectful style would increase the risk of drug use; research on the authoritarian and permissive styles is as yet inconclusive. We discuss the need to take into account other family variables in addition to parental style, such as parents’ drug use, emotional support and warmth, family structure and the influence of culture.